Lower Extremity Venous

What is it?

Arteries carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body and veins carry blood back to your heart and valves in the veins. When your veins have trouble sending blood to your limbs back to your heart, it is known as venous insufficiency. Lower extremity venous is a condition where the blood flow of the venous blood back to the heart is disrupted.

Cause of Thyroid

The most common causes of venous insufficiency are previous cases of blood clots and varicose veins. In varicose veins, the valves are often missing or impaired, and blood leaks back through the damaged valves. In some cases, weakness in the leg muscles that squeeze blood forward also contributes to venous insufficiency.

The most common cause of this disease 


Venous insufficiency is more common in women than in men. It’s also more likely to occur in adults over the age of 50, according to the Cleveland Clinic.


Other risk factors include:

  • blood clots

  • varicose veins

  • obesity

  • pregnancy

  • smoking

  • cancer

  • muscle weakness, leg injury, or trauma

  • swelling of a superficial vein (phlebitis)

  • family history of venous insufficiency

  • sitting or standing for long periods of time without moving


  • Swelling of the legs or ankles (edema)

  • pain that gets worse when you stand and gets better when you raise your legs

  • leg cramps

  • aching, throbbing, or a feeling of heaviness in your legs

  • itchy legs

  • weak legs

  • thickening of the skin on your legs or ankles

  • skin that is changing color, especially around the ankles

  • leg ulcers

  • varicose veins

  • a feeling of tightness in your calves

Lower Extremity Arterial

Atherosclerosis- also known as Lower extremity arterial diseases is the most common cause of chronic arterial occlusive disease. The narrowing of the arterial occurs as a result of the atherosclerotic process has a reduce of blood the lower limb. The severity of the disease depends on how long it has been untreated and the circulation of the blood. The symptoms will vary throughout the progression of the disease. The pain occurs distal to the arterial obstruction. Since the superficial femoral and popliteal arteries are the vessels that are affected by plaque, the pain is located in the calf. The distal aorta and bifurcation of the two iliac arteries are the most common locations of involvement. It can also produce pain in the legs and buttocks.

What is it?

Cause of Thyroid

Lower extremity arterial disease occurs when there is a massive amount of plaque forms in the leg artery, blocking blood flow. Plaque is composed of calcium, cholesterol, fat, and many more substances that is in the blood. When there is a built up in plaque, it can block and narrow the artery, restricting the blood flow to tissues in the leg and other body parts. This process is called atherosclerosis. Poor blood flow in the leg will cause pain and increase the risk of creating open infected sores on the skin. If not treated properly and on time, it will cause the tissue in the leg to die, leading into getting it amputated.


  • Pain in calves while or after walking

  • Pain in feet when resting

  • Coolness of legs and feet

  • Poor healing wounds

  • Ulcers in the leg

  • Black distortion

  • Numbness in the leg

  • Weakness in the le